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2007——2012年全国各地高考试题分章节汇编历史必修二:第11课 经济建设的发展与曲折 名题分解_图文


positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market econom y, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the part y a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showi ng off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

第 11 课 经济建设的发展与曲折
一、选择题
2012 年题组

名题分解

1. (2012·浙江文综历史·19)报载,武汉工人提出“车间就是战场,工人就是战斗员,开 快机器,多做一件活,就等于于多消灭一个敌人” ;鞍山钢铁厂工人“把行李搬到工厂,昼 夜守护在高炉旁……在极其艰苦的情况下, 先后生产了大批军锹、 军镐、 炮弹钢、 副油箱等, 并不断改进技术,提高质量” 。上述场景出现在( A.抗日战争时期 B.解放战争时期 ) D.大跃进时期

C.抗美援朝时期

【考点】一五计划(背景) 【解析】 本题考查知识的迁移和材料解读材料能力。 根据材料可知武汉工人和鞍山钢铁厂工 人大量生产军备物资, 这明显与军事有关; 再结合所学可知鞍山钢铁厂兴建于一五计划期间 (1953—1957 年) ,与此时间相符的只有抗美援朝(1950—1953 年) ,故 C 项。其余三 项明显与材料信息或时间不符。 【答案】C 2. (2012·全国新课标历史·32)1958 年,美国一份评估中国“二五”计划的文 件认为, 中国虽然面临着农业生产投入不足与人口增长的压力, 但由于中苏关系良好而可以获得苏联 援助,同时减少粮食出口,中国可以解决农业问题,工业也将保持高速发展。这一文件的判 断( ) B.低估了苏联对华经济援助的作用 D.与中国工农业发展状况不符

A.对中美关系的急剧变化估计不足 C.符合中苏两国关系的基本走向

【考点】20 世纪 50—70 年代中国经济建设的探索——“大跃进”与人民公社化运动 【解析】本题考查知识的理解和材料解读能力。根据时间信息“1958 年”结合时代背景分 析:1958 年中国开展“大跃进”与人民公社化运动以致农业遭到严重破坏,粮食供应不足; 因此,D 项正确;A、B、C 都与史实不符,因为新中国成立后直到 1972 年中美一直处于 对峙状态,而 50 年代末中速关系逐渐恶化。 【答案】D

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the refor m pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consum pti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of diff erences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shifting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the C amera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistic s, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

3. (2012·天津文综历史·4)右 图介绍内容所反映的实质是 ( )
介绍信

A.国内粮食供应比较紧张 B.中国实行计划经济体制 C.国家实行粮食凭票供应 D.国家工作人遵纪守法

兹有本校胡世厚同志因返里事去河南洛阳,携带通用粮票 20 斤,希沿途军警查验放行是荷。 此致敬礼(限 2 月 5 日作废) 中共中央高级党校(印章) 1963 年 1 月 10 日

【考点】20 世纪 50—70 年代中国经济建设的探索——计划经济体制 【解析】本题考查知识的理解运用和材料信息获取能力。从“通用粮票”“1963 年”等信 息可知当时中国票证供应制度,这是社会主义计划经济体制的折射,故选 B 项。 【答案】B 4.(2012·海南卷历史·25)1960 年 8 月,中共中央发出指示,规定全国一切机关、团体、 部队、学校、企业、事业单位,在今后 5 个月里,公用经费中的商品性支出部分要压缩 25% 左右,预计全国可压缩出 5 亿元。其直接目的是( A.减轻市场供应 压力 C.节约经费发展生产 )

B.制止单 位铺张浪费 D.促进经济较快发展

【考点】20 世纪 50—70 年代经济建设的探索——八字方针 【解析】本题考查知识的迁移和材料信息获取能力。根据时间信息(1960 年)并结合所学 知识可知题 干提及措施的实施背景是“左”的错误、三年自然灾害、苏联取消对华的援助,当处在三年 困难时期, 物质紧缺,故 A 项正确。 【答案】A 5.(2012·海南卷历史·24)我国“一五”计 划期间,大型项目实际完成投资 196.1 亿 元,其中东北占实际投资总额的 44.3%,已建成投产的重工业企业也多集中在东北。促成 这种现象出现的因素之一是( A.便于就近接受苏联援助 ) B.美国形 成对华包围封锁

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow c ost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perf ect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue f aced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe ct s ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa stef ul, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bu s 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

C.有利于支援抗美援朝

D.中日两国关系发生变化

【考点】现代中国社会主义经济建设——一五计划 【解析】“一五”计划隐含着时间信息,题干反映的是“一五”计划的重工业发展重点放在 东北地区的 现象,结合所学知识可知,这一现象出现的因素有:东北重工业基础好、资源丰富、交通运 输便利和地 理位置优越(靠近苏联),A 项正确;B、C、D 项与题干无关。 【答案】A 6. (2012·上海历史·28)档案资料显示,上世纪 50 年代中后期,我国人口每年增 长都在 千万以上。 可是 1960 年人口出现负增长, 减少了 1000 万。 影响这 一变化的政治因素是( A.三大改造 B.中苏关系 C.文化大革命 D.“三面红旗” )

【考点】20 世纪 50—70 年代中国经济建设的探索——“大跃进”与人民公社化运动 【解析】社会主义建设总路线、 “大跃进” 、人民公社化运动违背经济发展的客观规律和超越 了历史发展阶段,导致国民经济出现混乱,以致 1959—1961 年我国出现了建国以来最严 重的经济困难,人口出现负增长。 【答案】D 7. (2012·上海历史·29)右图中的农民喜悦之情溢于言表,这是因为他即将( A.加入人民公社 B.分得土地 C.承包土地 D.加入合作社 【考点】20 世纪 50—70 年代中国经济建设的探索——国民经济的恢复(土地改革) 【解析】从图中文字“中华人民共和国土地改革法”可以判断反映的是 1950—1952 年的 土地改革运动,此次土地改革没收地主的土地分给农民,D 项出现在社会主义改造中,A 项 出现在 1958 年人民公社化运动中,C 项出现在改革开放后。 【答案】B )

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption stan dards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of , makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consum pti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how t o use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h a nd perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c serv ant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the C amera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistic s, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

2011 年题组 1. (2011·广东文综·18)图 6 是某杂志的封面。从中获取的历史信息是,当时( A.浮夸现象十分盛行 B.杂交水稻培育成功 C.中国人造卫星发射升空 D.科教兴国战略初见成效 图6 )

【解析】 解题的关键在于获取材料的相关信息, 从材料中可知该事件发生的时间为 1958 年。 B 项 1973 年杂交水稻培育成功;C 项 1970 年中国人造卫星发射升空;D 项 1995 年提出 科教兴国战略。B、C、D 三项均与图片时间不符,故不选。1958 年党发动了大跃进,在生 产发展上追求高速度,以实现工农业生产高指标为目标。高指标、瞎指挥、浮夸风和共产风 成为该运动的主要标志,与题意相符。 【答案】A 2. (2011·福建文综·19)1949 年 3 月,毛泽东在中共七届二中全会上指出:”国营经济是 社会主义性质的,合作经济是半社会主义性质的,加上私人资本主义经济,加上个体经济, 加上国家和私人合作的国家资本主义经济,这些就是人民共和国的几种主要的经济成分“。 这些就构成了( ) B.新民主主义的经济形态 D.半社会主义的经济形态

A.旧民主主义的经济形态 C.社会主义的经济形态

【解析】 从材料时间 1949 年 3 月中共七届二中全会可以判断出这时中共领导的新民主主义 革命即将取得基本胜利,革命胜利后到 1956 年属于过渡时,这一时期社会形态是新民主主 义社会,经济形态理当属于新民主主义,也可以从题干中的多种经济成分并存反映出来。A 项旧民主主义的经济形成是 1840 年----1919 年,与题目的时间不吻合。C 项社会主义的 经济形态,应当是在三大改造完成后;D 项半社会主义的经济形态只是对材料的片面理解。 【答案】B 3. (2011·全国文综大纲卷·17)图 5 所示为 1960 — 1965 年中国工业总产值的变化, 这一变化主要是由于( A .经济政策的变化 B .工业结构的调整 C .农业经济的波动 )

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow c ost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perf ect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue f aced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe ct s ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa stef ul, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bu s 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

D .中苏关系的变化 【解析】根据所学,1960----1965 年是我国国民经济从开始纠正大跃进错误到经济逐渐恢 复发展的一个时期,到 1965 年国民经济调整基本完成,工业发展开始进入到一个新的发展 时期。本题中 1960 年工业总产值达 1650 亿元是由大跃进中优先发展重工业带来的,使国 民经济比例失调,1960 年冬党中央开始纠正“左”倾错误,采取多种措施,恢复、发展国 民经济。据此出现这一变化的主要原因是经济政策的变化。 【答案】A 4. ( 2011 ·全国新课标文综·33 )1962 年,中共中央发布文件规定,农村人民公社一 般以生产队为基本核算单位,至少 30 年不变。这项政策在当时( A .促进了农业经济的恢复 B .改变了农村所有制成分 C .消除了“左”的错误影响 D .增加了城市的粮食供应 【解析】A 项以生产队为核算单位在一定程度上克服了平均主义,有利于调动农民生 产积极性, A 项为正确答案。 B 项规定只涉及经营权的调整, 1962 年未改变农村所 有制成分, B 项不符合史实。 C 项 1962 年及以后“左”的错误不仅没有消除反而进 一步加剧,C 项不符合史实。D 项该政策是为恢复发展农村经济而实行,并未波及城 市, D 项与题干材料无关。 【答案】A 5. (2011·北京文综·19)下表是中国某一时期不同所有制企业总产值对比表(单位:%) 年代 开始年 结束年 全民 41.5 54.5 集体 3.2 17.1 公私合营 4 27.2 私营 30.7 0.04 全体手工业 20.6 1.2 )

该表中的开始年和结束年是指( A C.1966 . 1946 1976

) 1949 D.1978 B 1982 . 1952 1956

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption stan dards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of , makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consum pti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how t o use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h a nd perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c serv ant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the C amera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistic s, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

【解析】本题考查学生阅读表格分析理解问题的能力。从表格中材料可以得出:全民、集体 所有制和公私合营所有制企业总产值上升, 而私营和个体手工业的产值急剧下降, 这正是对 资本主义工商业进行社会主义改造。时间应是过渡时期。 【答案】B 6. (2011·海南单科·23)第一个五年计划期间,上海、天津等工业先进地区人均工业产 值的增长率低于全国平均水平。这反映出当时中国( A.工业发展速度放缓 C.工业布局发生变化 )

B.重工业生产速度加快 D.工商业改造已经完成

【解析】上海、天津等地原来是工业比较先进的地区,但一五计划重点发展重工业,布局在 东北和西部为主,全国这些地区重工业生产速度加快,作为原来工业的较发达的上海、天津 逐渐在全国的工业比重中下降。所以低于全国平均水平。故选 C。A 项明显错误,B 项重工 业生产速度加快与上海、天津增长率低不能形成必然的因果关系。D 项与题意无关。 【答案】C 2010 年题组 1.(2010·天津文综·9)以下为我国经济发展中“单单GDP 能耗”单单单单单单单单 单位:吨标准煤/万元

图中“单单GDP 能耗”出现最高峰值的直接原因是( A.实行“单单”单单 C.建立人民公社



B.提出社会主义建设总路线 D.开展大跃进运动

【解析】理解“单位 GDP 能耗”即可解答。根据图中的时间 1958 年即可。 【答案】D 2.(2010·天津文综·10) 20 世纪 50 年代,毛泽东为探索社会主义建设道路所发表的主 要著作有( )

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow c ost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perf ect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue f aced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe ct s ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa stef ul, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bu s 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

①《论十大关系》 ③《新民主主义论》 A.①② C.②③

②《论人民民主专政》 ④《关于正确处理人民内部矛盾的问题》 B.①④ D.②④

【解析】20 世纪 50-70 年代探索社会主义建设道路的实践(毛泽东的探索文章) 。 【答案】B 3. (2010·山东文综·14)下列曲线图反映了我国 1953—1958、1959—1964、1970—1975、 1979—1984 四个时期国内生产总值(GDP)增长率的变化。其中与 1959—1964 年相对应的 是( )

A

B

C

D

【解析】首先看好题肢中的图片。横轴指的是年份(1959—1964 年),一个点代表一年。 对应的纵轴的增长率就应是 1959—1964 年的中国 GDP 状况。在 1958 年八届二次会议上 中共提出了建设社会主义总路线,后来还轻率地发动了“大跃进”和“人民公社化运动”。 这些导致左倾错误泛滥,国民经济严重失调,生态环境遭到破坏,还严重挫伤农民的生产积 极性,使得国民经济遭受重创。1959—1961 年出现了三年严重经济困难时期。到 1960 年 冬,党中央提出了“八字方针”,对国民经济进行调整,到 1962 年国民经济形势开始好转。 【答案】C 4. (2010·全国Ⅱ卷文综·19)据统计,到 1950 年 9 月,中国人民银行的存款总额比 1949 年 12 月增加了 12 倍以上。这反映新中国( A.迅速实现经济稳定 C.合理调整了工商业 ) B.经济状况根本好转 D.人民收入迅速增加

【解析】 注意选项中的用词, “根本” 、 “调整了” , 在 1949 年新中国成立后进行恢复经济中, 到 1952 年,我国经济状况才取得根本好转,故 B 不正确;同样,到 1952 年才合理调整了 工商业,C 也不正确;而人民收入迅速增加,也不符合史实,因为当时我国刚刚建国,在恢 复国民经济的过程中,主要是对为了实现、物价和经济的稳定为主,人民收入水平还处于非

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption stan dards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of , makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consum pti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how t o use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h a nd perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c serv ant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the C amera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistic s, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

常低的水平,故 D 错误。 【答案】A 5. (2010·江苏单科·13)文物是研究历史的重要物证。下列对 右图信息理解正确的是( )

A.工业大跃进时期以股息发放工资 B.资本主义工商业改造采取公私合营政策 C.人民公社社员按期领取生产货款 D.手工业者以入股形式参加生产合作社 【解析】此题考查的是对建国后初期经济政策的理解。根据图示反映的是 1954 年,经分析 A 和 C 项是在 1958 年,故应排除;B 项是在 1956 年,故应排除。 【答案】D 6. (2010·上海单科·25)20 世纪 50 年代初,中国面临的困难是“能造桌子椅子,能造茶 碗茶壶,能种粮食,还能磨成面粉,还能造纸,但是,一辆汽车、一架飞机、一辆坦克、一 辆拖拉机都不能造” 。为改变这一状况,中国政府( A.推行了土地改革 C.实施了“一五”计划 )

B.组织了人民公社 D.发动了“大跃进”

【解析】题干材料的主旨是 20 世纪 50 年代初中国的经济状态是:重工业基础极其薄弱! 那么为改变 “这种状态” 中国政府的举措是制定和实施优先发展重工业、 简称为 “一化三改” 的“一五计划” 。 【答案】C 7. (2010·海南单科·22)与 1952 年相比,1957 年我国生产资料的生产增长 210%,消费 资料的生产增长 83%,重工业生产在工业总产值中的比重由 35.5%提高到 45%。这说明 第一个五年计划期间( A.工业结构得到了改善 C.工农业生产比例协调 ) B.国家基本实现工业化 D.工业总产值超过农业

【解析】结合所学知识从材料中获取有效信息进行解题,生产资料增长 210%,消费资料生 产增长 83%,生产资料增速高于消费资料增速,重工业在工业总产值的比重加大,改变了 建国初期,重工业发展缓慢的形势,工业结构得到改善。 【答案】A 8. (2010·海南单科·24)1959 年,北京最高的建筑是新建的民族饭店,高 47.4 米,为 当时的北京十大建筑之一。如今北京最高的建筑是高 330 米的国贸大厦。然而,人们至今仍
leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow c ost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perf ect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue f aced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe ct s ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa stef ul, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bu s 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

然肯定民族饭店在新中国建筑史上的地位。这提示我们,对历史现象的评价应( A.以今人的标准来衡量 C.主要看对后世的影响 B.置于特定的时空考察 D.注重使用比较的方法



【解析】本题考查如何评价历史现象,所给材料对照不同时期的北京最高建筑,强调民族饭 店在新中国建筑史上的地位, 从历史发展的角度来看, 注重特定的历史发展阶段来评价历史 现象。 【答案】B 2009 年题组 1. (2009· 福建文综· 18) 下列几组词汇, 最能准确反映 “过渡时期” 这一特殊年代的是 ( A.工业化 B.一边倒 C.大跃进 D.合作化 抗美援朝 人民公社 两弹一星 求同存异 三大改造 另起炉灶 和平共处 三个面向缓和 )

【解析】此题要理解“过渡时期”是指 1949 年新中国成立到 1956 年社会主义改造完成, 故 A 符合。B 人民公社是 1958 年发动的;C 大跃进也是 1958 年发动的,两弹一星是六七 十年代成就;D 三个面向是八十年代提出的。 【答案】A 2. (2009·上海历史·23)下图反映了 20 世纪 50 年代中国( )

A.社会主义市场经济的形成 C.农业的社会主义改造

B.手工业的社会主义改造 D.工商业的社会主义改造

【解析】图片明显看出是“北京市公私合营企业”以及“1956 年”字样,反映的是工商业 的社会主义改造。 【答案】D 3. (2009·广东历史·13)我国某部宪法将国家性质表述为: “工人阶级领导的,以工农联

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption stan dards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of , makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consum pti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how t o use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h a nd perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c serv ant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the C amera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistic s, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

盟为基础的人民民主国家。 ”这一表述说明当时( A.三大改造尚未完成 C.人民公社体制已经建立

) B.资产阶级已被消灭 D.经济基础还十分薄弱

【解析】社会主义是无产阶级专政的政权,而三大改造完成前,我国国家政权还是以工农联 盟为基础的,包括民族资产阶级和小资产阶级在内的新民主主义政权,因此 1954 年宪法才 将国家性质作此表述。 【答案】A 4. (2009·广东历史·14)1959 年某部门根据历年全国工业生产统计数据制订了下表。从 下表推出的符合史实的结论是( 年代 增长率(%) 1953 30.2 1954 16.2 ) 1955 5.6 1956 28.2 1957 11.4 1958 66

A.工业生产取得巨大成就 B.工业生产基础比较雄厚 C.中国已从落后的农业国变成先进的工业国 D.工业生产的最高增长率是最低增长率的近 12 倍 【解析】建国初期,由于帝国主义的长期掠夺,民族资本主义发展不充分,我国工业基础比 较薄弱, 因此我国的社会主义建设几乎是在一穷二白的基础上开始的, 尽管取得了巨大成就, 但时至今日我们也未能成为一个先进的工业国。 1958 年大跃进运动的开展, 使浮夸风盛行, 66%的增长率是虚假的,因此 1958 年增长率也不能说是增长率最低的 1955 年的 12 倍。 表中没有出现严重左倾错误的一五计划期间平均两位数的增长率是可信的, 我们可以从中看 到我国工业建设取得的巨大成就。 【答案】A 5. (2009·江苏历史·10)在江苏省常熟白茆乡,时人传唱着一首山歌:“小农经济独木桥, 合作社是康庄道,人民公社办起来,天堂哪有人间好!”此首山歌( A.最早传唱于上个世纪 60 年代 B.富有地域特色高考资源网 C.表明集体化完全是农民自觉、自发的行为 D.反映了农村生产资料所有制的变化 【解析】此题考查新中国成立后中共关于农村经济发展(或建设)道路的探索。这首山歌反 映的是农村发展合作社搞人民公社的做法,人民公社化强调一大二公(规模大、公有化程度 )高考资源网

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow c ost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perf ect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue f aced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe ct s ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa stef ul, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bu s 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

高) ,1958 年开始在全国范围内开始,违背了农民的意愿,损害了农民的生产积极性。 【答案】D 6. (2009·广东理基·65) “奇唱歌来怪唱歌,养个肥猪千斤还要多。脑壳谷箩大,宰了一 个当三个。三尺锅子煮不下,六尺锅子煮半个。 ”这首歌谣体现哪个时期的特色( A.大跃进时期 C.文化大革命时期 B.农业合作化时期 D.改革开放时期 )

【解析】从“养个肥猪千斤还要多”等信息可以判断是大跃进时期,浮夸风盛行。 【答案】A 7. (2009·广东文基·26)1960 年底,毛泽东大力提倡调查研究,并于次年亲自深入农村 调查。其目的是( )

A.推动“双百”方针的实行 B.了解农业合作化运动是实际成就 C.决定是否在农村推行人民公社体制 D.纠正大跃进和人民公社化运动中的错误倾向 【解析】1960 年 9 月 30 日 中共中央提出“调整、巩固、充实、提高”八字方针,目的是 纠正大跃进和人民公社化运动中的错误倾向。 【答案】D 2008 年题组 1.(2008·广东理基·65)20 世纪 50 年代中后期,中共中央提出“多、快、好、省”建设 社会主义,即希望以较快的速度、较高的质量、较少的成本来取得较多的成果。但实际执行 中往往只注意了其中的( )

①“多”②“快”③“好”④“省” A.①② B.①④ C.②③ D.③④

【解析】由于“左”倾错误,当时中共急于改变落后面貌,在实际工作中盲目求快,只注重 速度和数量,而忽视质量和效益,即只注意了“多”和“快”。 【答案】A 2. (2008·宁夏文综·33)1960 年,中共中央开始纠正大跃进和人民公社化运动中出现的 一些错误。这主要是因为( )

A.人民公社化运动的弊病充分暴露 B.国民经济出现了严重困难 C.确定了“调整、巩固、充实、提高”的方针

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption stan dards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of , makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consum pti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how t o use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h a nd perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c serv ant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the C amera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistic s, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

D.反“右倾”斗争深入开展 【解析】可以用排除法。在 1960 年,人民公社化运动的弊病还不能说已经充分暴露,排除 A 项;C 项是内容不是原因;D 项不符合纠“左”的史实;由于出现了严重的经济困难,中 央开始了纠正农村工作中的“左”的错误. 【答案】B 3. (2008· 上海历史 B 组· 15) 新中国建立后人口自然增长率一度居高不下, 其原因是( A.大跃进推动了计划生育政策的实施 B.马寅初的“新人口论”得到广泛认可 C.和平与经济发展使生存环境日益改善 D.土地改革彻底改变了小农生产方式 【解析】此题实际要求比较建国前后人口变化的原因,根据所学知识,建国后有利于人口自 然增长率增长的有政治稳定、经济发展等各方面的原因。 【答案】C 4.(2008·上海历史 A 组·14)下图是一份地方报刊的号外,它说明当时的社会( A.注重科学,实事求是 B.忽视工业,片面发展 C.思想解放,决策民主 D.急于求成,左倾浮夸 【解析】从图中的文字和数字可以看出,它反映的是 1958 年大跃进 的有关内容,而“大跃进”的重要特点就是急于求成、浮夸成风。 【答案】C 5. (2008·江苏历史·9)下图是一本连环画的封面,该书讲述了孙家庄农民孙志刚的故事, 图中的“社”指的是( A.农业生产的合作组织 B.公私合营的生产组织 C.人民公社的生产组织 D.包产到组的生产组织
华东人民美术出版社 1953 年 4 月出版

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)

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow c ost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perf ect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue f aced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe ct s ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa stef ul, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bu s 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

【解析】 注意图片下方的时间 1953 年 4 月, 这个时期正在进行农业的社会主义改造, 选 A。 B 项中的公私合营是在对资本主义工商业改造时实行的措施,不选。C 项中的人民公社是在 1958 年开始实行的。D 项包产到组是实行家庭联产承包责任制。 【答案】A 2007 年题组 1. (2007·上海历史·27)1956 年 1 月 2 日下午,上海 50 万人冒雨集会,副市长兴奋地宣 告: “我国资本主义最集中的城市,开始进入社会主义社会了!这一伟大胜利是我们人民的 胜利。 ”他如此激动是因为上海完成了( A.工商业改造 C. “一五”计划 ) B.统购统销 D.土地改革

【解析】抓住关键信息,时间是 1956 年,又提到进入社会主义社会,无疑是完成了对资本 主义工商业的社会主义改造。资本主义最集中是指上海的资本主义工商业发展很充分。 【答案】C 2. (2007·宁夏文综·35)从 1953 年底开始,我国对粮食、食油、棉花等农副产品实行统 购统销政策。这一政策的作用是( A.保证城镇农副产品供应 C.进一步缩小城乡差别 ) B.大幅度提高农副产品质量 D.提高农民生产积极性

【解析】1953 年我国开始实行“一五”计划,进行工业化建设,集中力量发展重工业。由 于当时生产力水平相对较低,农业相对落后,为确保工业化建设,我国对粮食、食油、棉花 等农副产品实行统购统销政策,并在此基础上逐渐形成了高度集中的计划经济体制。 【答案】A 3. (2007·全国文综Ⅰ·21)图六反映的是 1956 年~1965 年间我国(
单位:万吨



1956

1957

1958

1959

1960

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

A.煤炭生产的基本状况 B.粮食生产的基本状况 C.钢铁生产的基本状况

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption stan dards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of , makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consum pti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how t o use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h a nd perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c serv ant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the C amera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistic s, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

D.石油生产的基本状况 【解析】从题中所给时间可知这一时期是十年探索时期。依据图中所示曲线可知其产量自 1958 年开始下降,1960 年开始逐渐上升;依据所学知识可知 1959-1961 年是我国三年 经济困难时期,由于“左”倾错误的泛滥,工农业比例失调加剧,农业生产遭到极大破坏。 由此可以判断图中曲线描述的是粮食生产的基本状况。 【答案】B 4. (2007·广东历史·13)1961年5、6月间,中共中央在北京举行工作会议,决定在三年时 间内减少2000万城镇人口。其主要目的是( A.推动农村教育事业的发展 C.支援农村的经济体制改革 ) B.加快城市化的进程 D.缓解国家的经济困难

【解析】解答本题时应与时代背景相联系。1959-1961年是我国的三年经济困难时期,因 而此时国家采取相关措施的目的都是为了缓解国家的经济困难。 【答案】D 5. (2007·广东理基·65) “早稻亩产三万六千九百多斤,花生亩产一万多斤的高产‘卫星’ , 从湖北麻城和福建南安的田野上腾空而起。 ”这则报道可能发生在( A.农业社会主义改造期间 C.农村联产承包责任制实行后 )

B. “大跃进”运动期间 D.杂交水稻推广后

【解析】 “大跃进”运动片面追求经济建设的高速度,大跃进时期“左”倾错误的主要标志 或表现是高指标、瞎指挥、浮夸风、 “共产风” 。 【答案】B 6. (2007·山东文综·13)1964 年,周恩来与美国作家斯诺交谈时说: “过去 15 年中有些 事情我们是做对了,但我们也做了一些错事。……只有敢于承认自己的缺点和错误,我们才 能改正它们。 ”针对 50 年代末经济建设中的“缺点和错误” ,党和政府的纠正措施是( A.对资本主义工商业进行社会主义改造 B.正确分析我国社会主要矛盾 C.提出建设社会主义总路线 D.提出调整国民经济的八字方针 【解析】 50 年代末经济建设的三面红旗: 社会主义建设总路线、 “大跃进” 和 “人民公社化” , 造成了经济建设一味求快,农、轻、重比例严重失调。因此 1960 年冬天,党和政府提出调 整国民经济的八字方针,即“调整、巩固、充实、提高” 。 )

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow c ost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perf ect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position -related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue f aced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' dut y consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the Camera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe ct s ha s into positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa stef ul, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistics, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bu s 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self -di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

【答案】D

二、非选择题
2011 年题组 1. (2011·山东文综·29) (35 分)汉阳铁厂的兴衰和武汉钢铁厂的建设见证了中国近现代 工业发展的历史。阅读材料,回答问题。 材料三 1955 年 10 月, 武汉钢铁厂在武汉市东郊长江南岸破土动工, 1958 年 9 月建成投产。 2011 年,汉阳铁厂遗址保护性改造工程启动,原址上将建设一座博物馆,作为青少年爱国 主义教育的新基地。 (4)结合所学知识,说明建设武汉钢铁厂的历史背景。 (6 分) 【解析】第(4)问,作答时应结合当时社会的时代背景进行作答,武汉钢铁厂属于重工业 的项目,结合一五计划的背景和作用做答。 【答案】 (4)国民经济恢复工作完成,开始有计划的经济建设;1953 年,国家第一个五年计划开始 实施;集中力量发展重工业,以建立国家工业化的初步基础。 2007 年题组 1.(2007·江苏历史·26)阅读下列材料 材料一 改变生产资料私有制为社会主义公有制是个极其复杂和困难的历史任务。 现在在我 国已经基本上完成了。我国社会主义和资本主义谁战胜谁的问题,现在已经解决了。 ——刘少奇《在中国共产党第八次全国代表大会上的政治报告》 材料二 (中共 )八大报告所阐述的一些经济建设的重要方针,因为有“一五”计划的经验 与教训作借鉴,所以比较适合社会主义改造完成后我国经济工作的实际。 ——石仲泉等《中共八大史》 材料三 八大的路线是正确的。但是……没有能够在实践中坚持下去。八大以后,我们取得 了社会主义建设的许多成就,同时也遭到了严重挫折 。 ——《邓小平文选》 材料四 (中国共产党十一届)三中全会以后,我们……就是准确地,完整地学习和运用毛 泽东思想嘛。基本点还是那些。从许多方面来说,现在我们还是把毛泽东同志已经提出、但 是没有做的事情做起来,把他反对错了的改正过来,把他没有做好的事情做好……。当然, 我们也有发展,而且还要继续发展。 ——《邓小平文选》 请回答:

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow cost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption stan dards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of , makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consum pti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how t o use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h a nd perfect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c serv ant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

positi on-related consum ption of civil se rvants ha s be en sw ept by fina nce , cons umer, regar dless of cost, extravagance and waste i n the civil servi ce position-related consumpti on, a buse, corruption and embez zlement, corruption is important. T hen, under the conditi ons of market economy, how to reform the existing civil duty consumpti on management, expl ores a s our ce to preve nt and curb the post cons umption corrupti on wa y, is currently a maj or iss ue faced by honest w ork. Recently, I conducted res earch on t his is sue, t his pr oblem on s ome humble opi nions. First, t he existing public servant s ' duty consumpti on t he main pr oblem s see n from the investigation and reas ons , in re cent years, public s ervants ' duty cons umption ca use d by the a buses a nd not a per son of integrity, i s one of the major problems in t he party in Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party a nd G overnme nt organs, seri ously damaging the image of the party a nd the Gover nment, undermining the relationshi p betw een party and the mas ses, effect, ope ning up a nd e conomic construction. From I County in re cent years of governa nce situati on s ee, positi ons cons umption in t he produced of "two not" phe nome non r endering four a features: a i s positions consumpti on sy stem lost ha s due of bindi ng, right is greater t han r ules, a nd rig ht is greater tha n method of phenomenon mor e highl ight; II i s in positions cons umpti on i n the C amera Obscura operation, usi ng terms, will positions consumpti on i nto ha s per sonal cons umpti on, w ill cor porate poi nts to int o pers onal points to, makes positions cons umption in some as pe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; three i s to positi ons cons umption for name, fraud, false impersonator, Trend of negative corrupti on phe nome na s uch as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow the fas hion, rivalries, wa steful, a nd post consumpti on became a symbol of showing off their indivi dual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phe nomenon i n whi ch people reflect t he biggest problems are: (a) the official car problems. Mainly i n three as pe cts: one is t he larger buses cost ex penditure. A ccordi ng to statistic s, until November 20 03, XX County townshi p Department bus 159 cars, w hich de partme nt owns the bus 1 45 vehi cles, a nd showed a n increasi ng trend. Fina ncial ex penses cost per bus per year to 35,00 0 yuan, and in fact every cost up to 50, 000 yuan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidi es. Nece ssary to "keep a car", but al so "de pe nda nts", le ading to larger expense s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tendencies. S ome pe ople believe t hat now some bus drivers use one-t hird, one -thir d leadi ng private one -third use d for official purposes . Some publi c servant s, es pecia lly leadi ng officials mot oring, cars for private purpose s, violati ng the self-di sci pline reg ulations, a nd eve n lead t o traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

(1)依据材料一、材料二,概括八大路线形成的重要背景。 (2) “八大” 对当时国内主要任务和经济建设方针是怎样阐述的?八大路线的意义是什么? (3)材料三中提到八大路线“没有能够在实践中坚持下去”,社会主义建设遭到“严重挫 折”。指出 20 世纪 50 年代经济工作遭到“严重挫折”的具体表现及原因。 (4)八大路线是毛泽东思想的重要内容。依据材料四,指出邓小平理论的形成与八大路线 之间的关系。 【解析】 (1)从材料中“改变生产资料私有制本上完成”、“一五计划”概括背景。 (2)任务和意义注意结合所学知识回答。 (3)具体表现从 20 世纪 50 年代经济工作的一些措施入手,注意结合影响,原因可从国情 或者总路线分析。 (4)二者都是正确的,是继承与发展。 【答案】 (1)社会主义改造基本完成;实施“一五”计划,积累了一些社会主义建设的经验与教训。 (2)主要任务:集中力量把我国尽快地从落后的农业国变为先进的工业国。经济建设方针: 在经济建设上,坚持既反保守又反冒进,即在综合平衡中稳步前进的方针。意义:八大提出 的许多方针和设想富有创造性,是对我国自己的建设社会主义道路一次成功的探索。 (3)具体表现:掀起了“大跃进”运动,造成国民经济比例严重失调;发动了农村人民公 社化运动,影响农民建设社会主义的积极性。原因:中共八大二次会议提出的社会主义建设 总路线,忽视了客观的经济发展规律。(答出对国情认识不足,夸大了主观能动性,急于求 成的意思亦可。) (4)邓小平理论继承了八大路线,同时又有所发展和创新

leaders driving a ve hicle a cci de nt caused by road accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople k illed a nd direct e conomi c los ses amounti ng to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. T hird, high efficie ncy a nd l ow c ost of the bus. Survey s show that, t he operating cost s of taxis for the 82 00/... I s a fundamental priority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be s olved i n the reform pr oces s. Cl early, t he post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a base and fi ne-t une d on the basis of this single practices must be impr oved. Im provement s to adhere to t hree principles : first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprov ed for public servants ' duty consum ption standards, cali bration, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the local financial sit uation and pe opl e's s ustaina bility, publi c servant s ' duty cons umption standards approved, bot h financial rea ch, a nd people passi ng through. Third, according to t he operational needs of civil servants re spons ible for a uthorized public servants ' duty consumpti on standards, bot h 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high a nd l ow positi ons, but al so t he nat ure of the work a nd t he workl oad. In reform of method Shang, a ppr oved civil serva nts positi ons cons umption standard t o "big unified, a nd small dis perse d" suita ble, t hat most positi ons cons umption pr oject shoul d accordi ng to poli cy provi des proposed unified sta ndar d, consider t o ranks, a nd unit s and the w ork task of differences sex, unified of sta ndar d shoul d has elasti c of and dy namic of, makes regions, and units in implementati on unified standard Shi has m ust of flexible dis pos al right; but si nce set of sta ndar d must after financial, a nd a udit, s ector a udit a ppr oved H ou t o impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Public servants ' duty consumpti on elasticity of consum ption to limit cons umpti on, t urni ng mess int o kitchen after di nner, foll ow the civil s ervant wit h a how to use pers onal title subsidie s, or how to manage a pers onal duty consumpti on use of subsidies. T herefore, w e must esta blis h and perf ect with publ ic s ervants ' duty consumpti on monetization reform s upport of the series of governa nce systems s uch as t he civil servi ce examination of res ponsi bility, system, low fa ult investigation system, the report said. While other meas ures t o keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on and supervisi on organs , financial, a uditi ng de partments s houl d stre ngthe n supervisi on a nd ins pe ction of public servant s ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform progres s, to stre ngthe n the reform of public servants ' duty consumpti on m onetizati on sy stem, measure s to develop and monit or the im plementation of i nspection, not consumpti on a s requi red, even shif ting consumer behavi or to st op, serious cases t o deal with. Three i deas, public servants ' duty consum ption moneti zation reform of politi cs, t he e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, public servants ' duty consumpti on a s s omewhere betwe en a reform als o demonstrated its im portance a nd urgency. First of all, civi l servant s es pecially party and G overnment l eaders and publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he



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