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专题26 阅读理解(新闻报道或人生百味类)(第02期)-2015年中考英语试题分项版解析汇编(原卷版)


专题 26 阅读理解(新闻报道或人生百味类)
1、【湖北省黄冈市 2015 年中考英语试题】综合阅读(共两节;计 32 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 24 分) 阅读下面三篇短文,根据短文内容,从所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项 中选出最佳选项。
(1)

CCTV News

May 28, 2015, Thursday

The No-Smoking Law in China will be carried out next Monday in Beijing. All indoor public places and many outdoor public places, violators (违者) will face fines of up to 200 yuan.

CCTV News

May 31, 2015, Sunday

Su Bingtian broke record at Saturday’s IAFF Diamond League ( 国 际 田 联 钻

石 赛) in Eugene, United States. He finished third in 9″ 99, behind Americans

Tyson Gay in 9″ 88 and Mike Rodgers in 9″ 90. Liu Xiang said,“You are great! ”

CCTV News

June 2, 2015, Tuesday

It’s reported that the first two deaths from an outbreak of MERS (中东呼吸综合症) on June 1st in South Koren. So

far, the number of new confirmed(感染)cases is 25 in total.

CCTV News

June 4, 2015, Thursday

The big ship Dongfang Star( 东方之星) with 458 people sank in Yangtze

River after being caught in a strong cyclone at 21:28, June 1. So far, only

fourteen people were saved, however, the rescue(搜 救)are still continuing.

56.When will the No-Smoking Law be carried out in Beijing?

A. May 31, 2015

B. June 1, 2015

C. June 2, 2015 D. June 4, 2015

57.Who became the first Asian\|born person in the men’s 100 meters?

A. Tyson Gay.

B. Mike Rodgers. C. Su Bingtian. D. Liu Xiang.

58.How many people died from the outbreak of MERS in South Korea on June 1st?

A. 1

B. 2

C. 14

D. 25

59.What caused the big ship to sink on Yangtze River?

A. Hitting another ship.

B. Carrying too many people.[来源:Z#xx#k.]

C. The wrong driving.

D. A sudden strong cyclone.

2、【湖北省黄冈市 2015 年中考英语试题】综合阅读(共两节;计 32 分)

第一节 阅读理解(共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 24 分)

阅读下面三篇短文,根据短文内容,从所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项

中选出最佳选项。

(2)

A little stream (小溪) ran down from a high mountain through many villages and forests. Then it reached a desert,“I

went through so many difficulties. I should have no problem crossing the desert,”she thought. As she started, she

found herself slowly disappearing into the sand. After many tries, she still failed.

At this time, a deep voice said,“if a breeze (微风) can cross the desert, so can a river.”It was the voice of the

desert. But the little stream answered,“that’s because a breeze can fly, but I can’t.”[来源:学§科§Z§X§X§K] “That’s because you can’t give up what you are. Let yourself evaporate (蒸发) into the breeze, and it can take

you across,”said the desert.

“Give up what I am now? No! No!”The little stream could not accept this idea.

“The breeze can carry the vapor (蒸汽) across the desert and let it leave as rain. The rain will form a river

again,”said the desert.“And whether you’re a river or vapor, your nature (本性) never changes.”

Hearing this, the little stream went into the open arms of the breeze. It carried her to the next stage (阶段) of

her life.

60.What did the stream think when she reached a desert?

A. She thought she couldn’t cross the desert.

B. She believed she could cross the desert.

C. She thought she knew well about the desert.

D. She started to worry about herself.

61.What does the underlined word“it”refer to (指的是)?

A. The desert.

B. The nature.

C. The breeze.

D. The stream.

62.What did the stream do in the end?

A. Crossed the desert. B. Stopped trying. C. Failed to get to the ocean. D. Died.

63.What is the main idea of the story?

A. The road to success is not always easy.

B. We should do the right thing whatever others say.

C. Our lives can be as difficult as the little stream’s.

D. To succeed, we should change the way we used to be. 3.【湖北省孝感市 2015 年中考英语试题】阅读理解 阅读短文,然后根据其内容选择正确答案。(共 30 分,
每小题 2 分)

B

Once a small boy lived on a farm which seemed so far away from everywhere.

He needed to get up before sunrise every morning to help his father on the farm. During sunrise he would take a break and climb up on the fence(篱笆) along the side of the farm. He could see a house with golden windows. “If

they could afford golden windows, then there must be other nice things inside the house.” He imagined how great it

would be to live there. Then he promised himself, “Some day I will go there and see this wonderful place.”

One morning, his father would go to the town and told him to stay at home for a rest. Knowing that this was his

chance, he took a sandwich and headed across the field towards the house with the golden windows.

As the afternoon went on, he began to realize how wrong he was. The house was much farther than he had

expected. As he went near the house, he saw no golden windows but instead a place in bad need of painting. A

small girl very close to his age came out of the poor house and stood by the broken fence. He asked her if she had

seen the house with the golden windows. The girl said, “Sure, I know.” and invited him to sit on the porch(门廊). As he sat there, he looked back from
where he just came. There he saw the sunset(夕阳) turned the windows of his house to gold! Now he understood

that everyone had his own house with golden windows.

51. During his break every morning, the small boy would __________.

A. fix the fence

B. climb up on the fence

C. eat sandwiches

D. walk around the farm

52. One morning, when knowing he would stay alone, the boy thought it was a chance for him

to __________.

A. go to the town

B. play on the field

C. go to see the house

D. make the golden windows

53. What did the boy find when he got there?

A. Nobody lived in the poor house.

B. The house was as old as he expected. C. No golden windows were in the house.[来源:]

D. The house was nearer than he thought.

54. The story tells us that people sometimes may have the thought __________.

A. Like father, like son

B. Love me, love my dog

C. Every dog has its day

D. The grass is greener somewhere else

55. Which is the best title for the passage?

A. Golden Windows

B. A Wonderful Place

C. Father and Son

D. A Boy’s Promise

4、【江苏省常州市 2015 年中考英语试题】阅谈理解(共 13 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 26 分)

阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Last fall a beaver moved into the small stream beside our house. He began taking down small trees right away. and in a couple of weeks our stream turned into a pond(水塘).Every day,he added more to his dam(水坝)and

to his house. We're sure you've all heard the saying, "as busy as a beaver". Now, we understand this saying as we

saw the work that this beaver did over a very short period of time.

We thought that would be the last of the beaver's busy activity as winter came. To our amazement, however, he started chewing(咀嚼)on a very large tree. The tree was over 18 meters tall and around 1.5 meters in diameter(直 径).We were amazed at the challenge this beaver was trying. All winter, he chewed and chewed. He had setbacks(挫折)as we faced major winter storms and ice-cold weather. But sure enough, when the weather allowed,

he would e back and chew a bit more. The beaver's first goal(目标)was to survive--to build home for the winter. Working every day with that goal in
mind, he successfully achieved that goal. But the large tree he started chewing on last fall was a future goal 一 he wanted the large tree to provide new food and branches(树枝) for the ing spring. Even with the setbacks he faced

over the winter, he never gave up until he reached it.

Our beaver's experience reminds us that we need to set goals for tomorrow. Sometimes just surviving seems to

take up all of our time. But, if you do just a little bit when time allows and stick to your future goal, you will

achieve it.

When faced with setbacks, have your goal in heart and don't let the setbacks stop you. Keep chewing like the

beaver, and you will achieve your goal in the end.

23.What is the purpose of the beaver's chewing on the large tree?

A. To provide more food for the winter because of the snow.

B. To add more branches to his dam and his house.§X§K]

C. To prepare new food and branches for the ing spring.

D. To keep working every day with a goal in mind.

24.Here is。paragraph(段)"When spring arrived, we went down to see the beaver's progress. The tree was about to

fall. Our beaver had almost pletely chewed around and through the whole tree.”According to the passage, it should

be put______

A. between paragraph I and paragraph 2

B. between paragraph 2 and paragraph 3

C. between paragraph 3 and paragraph 4[来源:学。科。Z。X。X。K]

D. between paragraph 4 and paragraph 5

25.The best title of this passage might be_____

A. Keep Chewing

B. Be Like the Beaver

C. As Busy as a Beaver

D. Set Proper Goals

5、【江苏省常州市 2015 年中考英语试题】阅谈理解(共 13 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 26 分)

阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

C

I was just out of college, only three days into a graduate (研究生)year in England,and I was pulling a heavy

bag and suitcase(箱子)through the London Underground. I was also crying out of control.

The day before yesterday, my uncle told me never to speak to him, his wife, or my two cousins again.Earlier,

I made a joke. I didn't mean to hurt my aunt's feelings, but it did.I spent the evening in an ugly blue telephone booth

(电话亭). crying as I spoke to a family friend who lived in England.

When I left the phone booth, I went back to a silent house with three closed bedroom doors. In the morning, I

heard everyone get up and leave for work and school. I wrote a note to say sorry and pulled my bags to the train

station. When I got into London, I had to take the underground to Angel Station to get to my family friend's house. I was familiar with the underground, but at the time, it was just endless white tiles(瓷砖).ing to England
seemed like a bad decision. Crying yet again, I tried to lift my suitcase up the stairs. When I was trying hard to walk forward, there were hands. Each time I faced another group of steps,a hand
would lift the suitcase. At the top of the steps, the hand would let go, and I'd pull the suitcase to the next group. And just as I wanted to try again,another hand would appear.
It happened several times. I never looked up, because I couldn't stop crying.Each hand looked different, and many different people helped me, without asking or saying anything. I couldn't look up. I wasn't able to say thank you.
I went on to have an amazing year studying in England, but that was the last time I saw or spoke to any of my uncle's family. Yet when I think about that terrible loss in 2008, I remember those strangers' hands. They were there when I needed them, and even now, they help me out of the sadness of that memory. I think of them as I ride the underground in Washington D. C. today, and I watch the citizens and tourists to offer hands at any time. 29.What was the writer's feeling while she was walking in the station?
A. She felt sad and helpless at first, but might feel warm later. B. She was looking forward to getting help from friends. C. She expected to leave London and go back home D. She regretted making the joke, but was angry with her uncle. 30.In the last paragraph, the underlined words "that terrible loss" probably mean_________. A. I was crying when I took the underground in London B. I left my uncle's family and haven't contacted them since then C. I didn't say thank you to those who gave hands to me D. I lost my good mood and felt sad when I left my uncle's family 31.What is the passage mainly about? A. It tells us a story about an unlucky and homeless college student. B. It.describes the writer's experience through the underground. C. It expresses the idea of giving hands to strangers who are in need. D. It shows the helping hands that writer got from strangers. 6. 【上海市 2015 年中考英语试题】Reading prehension (阅读理解) (共 50 分)

B. Choose the best answer and plete the passage (选择最恰当的选项完成短文)(12 分)

Road signs for your future

Sometimes, the choices you have made prove to be wrong. Don’t worry – it’s not the end of the

world! In traffic, what you do in this situation is just turn around and find a 75 way. That’s

exactly what you should also do in real life. In your life you will find many dead ends but you will

always find your way out of them.

Life is not always a walk in the park. There will be uphill as well as downhill, bumps(凸块)

and smooth rides. If you are not careful, a bump can make you 76 . However, riding your life

along just straight roads with no bumps can bee 77 . So, a bump can be a nice experience as

well.

Right or left? In your life there will be times when you have to make a 79 . You may want to focus on

your studies, so you choose to stop a hobby that you’ve had for years. 80 ! Before putting away the guitar or

stopping your dance lessons, you should think how you could divide your time between studying and hobbies.

Basically, it’s just a question of how to manage your time.

Whatever you do in life, remember to take it easy. You don’t have to run everywhere. Sometimes running

make life less enjoyable. It’s often better to think before taking action. So, think first and then act! There’s really no

rush! You don’t have to experience everything before you’re 20!

75. A) .better

B) .shorter

C) .faster

D). wider

76. A). grow B) .cry

C) .change

D) .fall

77. A). helpful

B) .boring

C). lucky

D). dangerous

78. A) .

B).

C).

D) .

79. A).living

B) .decision

C). mistake

D) .wish[来源:]

80. A) .Drive careful B). Act immediately C) .Think again D). Speak aloud



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